MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. MTP kit consists of mifepristone and misoprostol tablets. Mifepristone medication is widely used mainly for the abortion purpose, while the misoprostol medication is used to cause an abortion, treat stomach ulcers and to treat postpartum bleeding as well. This to medicines plays an important role in terminating the pregnancy effectively. The combination of these two medicines is ninety-five percent effective but should be consumed during first fifty days of pregnancy. Around 50 to 60 percent of pregnancies can be terminated using Mifepristone alone, but misoprostol is less effective if consumed alone. Misoprostol is most effective when it is consumed in combination with another drug. Most of the women consuming Mifepristone may experience the abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding as well. Mifepristone is taken by mouth along with water. Mifepristone blocks the hormone called progesterone which is responsible for maintaining the pregnancy. Mifepristone helps to soften the cervix and may lead to bleeding. Later the second medication is added within the time frame of twenty-four to seventy-two hours after the first medication Mifepristone. The second medication is generally the Misoprostol, often used for pregnancy termination. Misoprostol can also be used with Methotrexate to terminate pregnancies during the early stages. Methotrexate is also used in the treatment of ectopic pregnancies. Misoprostol is taken by mouth or placed in the vagina. MTP consist of the two types of the tablets mifepristone and misoprostol, a combination of these two is used for abortion for the women who are less than eight weeks pregnant. The combination of these two medications is basically for the effective pregnancy termination. First, the woman will have the Mifepristone pill, as it is the first medication. The first medication will soften her cervix and may lead to bleeding. Within twenty-four to seventy-two hour later she will have another pill Misoprostol. The Misoprostol pill will be placed in the vagina or can be taken by mouth; she will have heavy bleeding and cramping after second medication. After this procedure, the uterus will contract and the pregnancy will be expelled within eight to ten hours. Bleeding may vary depending on the health of the woman. Some woman may suffer more while some of them will suffer less. Some women will not bleed till they have second medication Misoprostol. It takes around two or more weeks to terminate the pregnancy.
Most of the medical abortion offers good privacy. This MTP kit is very effective, but bleeding will be higher as compared to Aspiration abortion. MTP kit promotes safe abortion services to women.
The side effect that may a woman has to suffer, while abortion process is Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Heavy bleeding, Heavy cramping, diarrhea. There are no further long-term risks due to the intake of mifepristone and misoprostol. So one can have MTP kit and maintain the secrecy of the abortion. A woman should consider the doctor before using the MTP kit.