Dysmenorrhea – Menstruation Cramp

Dysmenorrhea is the term for pain that occurs with menstruation. More than half of menstruating women have pain for one to two days each month. In most cases, the discomfort is minor. However, for other women, the pain is so intense that it prevents them from performing their daily tasks for several days each month. The cramp is the monthly problem, but worrying about the same can just get easier with…………………

It could be primary or secondary in nature.

Types of Dysmenorrhea

Primary

Cramp pain that happens prior to or during a period is known as primary dysmenorrhea. Natural molecules called prostaglandins, which are produced in the uterine lining, induce this pain. The muscles of the uterus and blood vessels contract because of prostaglandin. Prostaglandin counts are high on the first day of menstruation. The level drops when the bleeding continues, and the uterine lining is shed. This is why, during the first few days of a period, the pain tends to subside.

Primary dysmenorrhea appears shortly after a woman begins to have menstrual cycles. Menstruation becomes less uncomfortable for many females with primary dysmenorrhea as they become more. After having delivery, this sort of period discomfort may also improve.

Secondary

A problem with the reproductive organs causes secondary dysmenorrhea. The agony gets greater with time and lasts far longer than regular period cramps. For example, the pain could start a few days before your period. The pain may worsen as the period progresses and may persist after it has ended.

  1. Fibroids are growths that develop on the outside, within, or inside the uterine walls. Fibroids in the uterine wall can cause discomfort. Small fibroids are usually painless.
  2. Adenomyosis is a condition in which tissue that normally borders the uterus begins to grow in the uterus muscle wall. This condition affects a higher percentage of older women who have had children.
  3. Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue that is comparable to the uterine lining grows in other parts of the body, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes, behind the uterus, and on the bladder. This tissue, like the uterine lining, breaks down and bleeds in reaction to hormonal fluctuations. This bleeding can be painful, especially around period time. Adhesions, or scar tissue, may form inside the pelvis, where the bleeding occurs. Organs can stay together due to adhesions, producing pain.

Adverse Consequences

The most prevalent symptoms of dysmenorrhea are listed below. Symptoms, on the other hand, can vary from person to person but the common include

  1. Lower abdominal discomfort
  2. Low backache
  3. Legs throbbing with pain
  4. Weakness
  5. Fainting
  6. Headaches
  7. Nausea
  8. Vomiting
  9. Diarrhea
  10. Fatigue

Alternative Treatment

Symptoms of dysmenorrhea can be managed with the following treatments:

  1. Contraceptives that are taken orally (ovulation inhibitors)
  2. a heating pad placed across the stomach
  3. Taking a hot bath or shower
  4. Progesterone is a hormone produced by the female reproductive system (hormone treatment)
  5. Changes in diet (to increase protein and decrease sugar and caffeine intake)
  6. Massage of the abdomen
  7. Supplements with vitamins
  8. Exercise on a regular basis

Risk factors contributing to mensuration cramps

While any woman can develop dysmenorrhea, the following women may be more susceptible to it:

  1. Smoking women
  2. Women who consume alcohol during their menstrual cycle (alcohol tends to prolong menstrual pain)
  3. Overweight or obese women
  4. Females who started menstruation before the age of 11.
  5. Women who have never had a child
Reference
  1. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4148-dysmenorrhea#:~:text=Dysmenorrhea%20is%20the%20medical%20term,results%20from%20reproductive%20system%20disorders.
  2. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/dysmenorrhea-painful-periods
  3. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/dysmenorrhea

Published on

)